With India and China betting big on electric cars through legislation drivers, the internal combustion engine based fuel economy will go for a massive overhaul over the next decade. Energy storage, material science, rebooting the infrastructure for electric cars along with automated mobility (a liberal dollop of Extended Intelligence in the words of Joichi Ito) will make the ecosystem game for transformation. Digital makes its way into transportation through automated vehicles.
The petroeconomies from Moscow to Caracas to Ras Khobar reeling under lower oil prices, will have two main consumers of oil, realigning under the climate change umbrella. But, electric energy from which sources? What will be the life cycle costs per unit of LCOE?
These questions have to be addressed. There is no modern civilisation sans energy.